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The Bolonka Zwetna is a very social breed and loves to spend time with its owners. They are very affectionate and often have a close bond with their families.
The Bolonka Zwetna is a hypoallergenic dog breed, which means that it causes less allergic reactions than other dogs. This makes it a good choice for people with allergies to dog hair or saliva. As with many small breeds, the Bolonka Zwetna is at a higher risk for dental problems. It is important to regularly brush the dog’s teeth and provide him with suitable chew toys.
With a size of up to 26 cm and a weight of up to 4 kg , the Bolonka Zwetna is one of the small dog breeds. He is built a little longer than tall and is rather delicate, but still has a robust build. The dogs have relatively broad and strong backs and long chests. Her shoulders and thighs are also well muscled.
On top of his slightly domed head sit slightly raised, medium-sized hanging ears that make the Bolonka Zwetna’s head appear larger. He also has round, usually dark beady eyes that give him a characteristically cute facial expression. The little fellow carries his high set, completely hairy tail over his back or resting on it with the tip touching the body. He also has a light-footed, easygoing gait.
The coat of the dogs is long and according to its name, which translated from Russian means “colorful” or “colored”, can be found in all colors except pure white or pied. However, white markings on the paws, face or chest are allowed. The structure of the hair is wavy or curly. Under the top coat is usually hidden a dense undercoat. A distinctive feature is that the Bolonka Zwetna hardly sheds at all, as it does not undergo a coat change. Therefore, it is also suitable for people with allergies like no other breed. The large, heavy and shiny curls or waves frame the entire body and, together with the undercoat, are very resistant to wind and weather. Characteristic of the breed is also the mustache and chin beard.
The Bolonka Zwetna is an extremely outgoing, sociable, cuddly and affectionate fellow . He loves to spend as much time as possible with his favorite people. The good-natured little guys like to be everywhere and anytime and love to cuddle. The adaptable dog loves his humans above all else and is therefore prone to separation anxiety, so it is best for him if they are at home as much as possible. In the case of professional activity, he can also be well taken to work, where his uncomplicated and adaptable nature comes in handy and ensures a good mood in the working environment. Here it is also an advantage that the self-confident Bolonka Zwetna knows practically no aggression and does not tend to bark.
Due to his intelligence and dexterity , you can also excellently rehearse tricks with him. He is also well suited for outdoor walks as he has virtually no hunting instinct.
The extremely loyal, curious and smart dog gets along very well with children as well as with any pets. He is also very friendly towards strangers.
Although attention and affection are most important to him, the energetic Bolonka Zwetna also needs enough exercise.
The extremely docile and smart dog learns quickly and usually without problems. Therefore, the education usually succeeds quite easily even without dog experience.
The most important thing for the Bolonka Zwetna is that he can be near his people all the time. Once this is fulfilled, he enjoys almost any activity. Although he loves to fit in, this energetic guy needs enough exercise – at least one to two hours a day. He is always up for games and daily walks and happy to let off steam as he pleases. The little bundle of energy can never get enough of fetching sticks or catching balls, for example. The Bolonka Zwetna is also enthusiastic about dog sports.
The frugal fellow can easily cope in smaller apartments, as long as he gets enough exercise. He prefers to stay right with his humans anyway.
The Bolonka Zwetna is also relatively uncomplicated as far as its diet is concerned. The dogs do not eat much and do not tend to be overweight. However, they have a tendency to hypoglycemia, so it is good to divide the daily food ration into several, small meals so that the sugar level does not drop too much. In addition, the quadruped should rest after eating to avoid gastric distortion.
In Bolonka Zwetna it is recommended to use special food suitable for puppies, especially in puppy age, because the young dogs need different nutrients than adult ones.
The coat care of the Bolonka Zwetna is also little effort. Regular brushing every two to three days to avoid matting is quite sufficient. If your Bolonka Zwetna does get a little dirty after a walk, you can remove the dirt with a damp cloth or, if need be, give it a bath.
You should also check your dog’s skin regularly for injuries and bugs. Also pay particular attention to the eyes, mouth, paws and especially the hairy ears, as dirt can easily collect there. You can also use special ear cleaners for this purpose.
In addition, it would be good to provide your Bolonka Zwetna with dental care to avoid tartar, which can become very painful, discoloration, gingivitis and bad breath. For example, you can give him chewing snacks or brush his teeth every few days with a special toothpaste. However, since many dogs don’t like brushing their teeth on their own, you should start early and get your dog used to it from a young age.
Although the Bolonka Zwetna is a very healthy breed and not very susceptible to disease , there is a slightly increased risk of knee problems, hip dysplasia, eye disease and skin disease. Therefore, pay special attention to good breeding. In addition, you can prevent many diseases with good nutrition or alleviate their symptoms.
The Bolonka Zwetna originated in the high circles of Russia, where its ancestors were used as lapdogs and companions, as well as a status symbol of rich ladies, as early as the early 18th century. However, at that time the dogs were exclusively white. In the middle of the 20th century, there was an increasing desire to breed a separate Russian dwarf dog breed , which would now have a solid color, variegated coat.
The origin of this very breeding took the Bolonka Franzuska, a white ancestor of the Bolonka Zwetna, whose name translated means “French lap dog”. This probably came into the country as a gift from the French nobility to the Russian tsar. The white dogs were eventually crossed with national small dog breeds, resulting in the colored coat of the Bolonka Zwetna.
While the Bolonka Zwetna is recognized as an independent breed in Russia, its status as a consolidated breed type is still doubted in other countries due to strong variations, so that it is still not recognized by some important umbrella organizations.
The Bolonka Zwetna is an extremely frugal, adaptable, cuddly and happy little guy. He is happy in a house or apartment, in the country or in the city, and with one or many people, as long as he can only be near them. If you can offer the little dog enough attention, time and exercise, you will gain a loyal, smart and uncomplicated companion who will always bring a smile to your face.